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Blog #4 by Montgomery Dillavou CPA The Coronavirus Aid, Relief, and Economic Security Act or the CARES Act.

Posted by Admin Posted on Apr 13 2020

IRS Launches website to track your Stimulus check

This will likely be the most visited website in the world over the next few weeks.  More than the SBA disaster loan site or the numerous state unemployment websites. This website is promising a tool in mid April whereby you can track the amount, method of payment (electronic or paper check) and status of your Stimulus money.  On this page you can update your information with the IRS if you have recently moved, changed banks or changed bank accounts. You can even provide them your information if you didn’t file a tax return for 2018 or 2019 so you can receive your Stimulus money.


Self employed should NOT apply for Unemployment Insurance at this time. Your application will be DENIED and sent to a secondary system that does not yet exist. You will have to re-apply again!

The Pandemic Unemployment Assistance (PUA) rules were just issued on Sunday, April 5th. State unemployment offices have begun to implement programs and secondary systems to facilitate the claims. It is anticipated that this could take several weeks. State unemployment offices anticipate they will be able to release time frames and guidelines later this week.

Benefits will be retroactive, however, the effective date has not yet been determined. Your state unemployment office will announce when initial claims can be filed.



I have some business clients who’ve been approved for their loans in the past week.  However, we haven’t seen their loans funded yet. Hopefully soon !!


Blog #3 by Montgomery Dillavou CPA The Coronavirus Aid, Relief, and Economic Security Act or the CARES Act.

Posted by Admin Posted on Mar 30 2020

Its time for many of us to File for Unemployment !!


This Blog is for the self-employed, small business owners and 1099 contract workers


How Much Can I Get?  $2,800/mo !!  Under the Stimulus Bill, Freelancers, gig workers, self-employed, can receive half the average unemployment benefit in their state plus an extra $600 per week.  How much is the average ? Well, if you didn’t already know, unemployment benefits are ‘kindofa joke’, the average per week is about $150. However with this federal subsidy of $600 per week now we’re talking !!  So, you can hope for $700/week or about $2,800 per month. The Bill provides for these benefits for up to 4 months.  


Example: A Real Estate Agent, gig worker, Attorney or Mechanic doing business through their own LLC and has no employees. Really any self-employed individual doing business as an LLC or a sole proprietor who receives 1099 income.  .  

Option 1:  Applying for the Forgivable Small Business Loan.  Well, the amount you can borrow is based on your payroll for the previous 12 months as I discussed in my Blog #2.  Under this calculation these entities have zero, or very little payroll (if they have paid themselves as a W-2 employee).  So getting one of these forgivable loans isn’t an option or the amount is so small it isn’t worth the effort. Therefore, the only option available is applying for unemployment.  Yes, for the first time in history, self-employed individuals with little or no W-2 history can receive unemployment benefits.  


To get your money flowing.  Apply at your state’s unemployment office.  Most states are taking applications online. I assisted a client yesterday with her claim.  She was able to complete her unemployment claim entirely on her smartphone in less than 15 minutes.  


Unemployment on Steroids ?? That’s what they’re telling us.  Yes, we’ve never seen such broad coverage and such a large amount being paid out, $2,800/mo !!

Monty’s Note :  I am most concerned about this portion of the Bill, none of the 50 state’s unemployment offices have the systems or personnel to administer this many claims or this amount of Federal money being given to them.  They have never before provided benefits to this sector of our workforce (gig/self-employed). This sector of our economy desperately needs this assistance, right now! I foresee the Fed’s will have to instead use the IRS or the SSA to deliver these benefits.  The IRS / SSA already have the systems in place, personnel and the information on these gig/freelancers (as long as they have filed their 2018 and/or 2019 income tax returns). Prepare yourself for the worst case scenario here. If you apply for unemployment today, March 30th, in my opinion you will not see your first electronic deposit into your checking account until May 1st at best.  I hope I am wrong here.  


What’s a gig worker ?  Best example is a musician who often refers to performances as ‘gigs'.  The definition has expanded greatly to include many self-employed / 1099 contract workers including Uber/Lyft drivers, web-designers working from home for numerous companies, hair stylists, personal trainers, etc.  Really anyone who reports their income on Sch C of their Form 1040 and/or single member LLC’s who report their income on Sch C, Form 1120S or Form 1120. Gig entities have no W-2 employees, they may have 1099 independent subcontractors.


Who should file for unemployment In addition to gig / freelancer’s mentioned above if you are a traditional employee and you’ve been laid off, furloughed, told not to come to work because of the detection of Covid-19 in your workplace.  Individuals who were scheduled to start a job and could not because their future workplaces had been shut down due to the COVID-19 pandemic, would also be eligible. Additionally, individuals whose head of household died directly due to COVID-19 will be eligible.


The 7-day waiting period before an unemployed worker can get benefits, which is a standard feature of most states’ unemployment systems, is being waived to help individuals receive cash as quickly as possible.


Employers: Not to worry, your unemployment rate will not adjust upward during this time for employees who file for unemployment.  


Stimulus Checks I discussed these checks in detail in Blog #1 a couple days ago.  One group who WILL NOT receive stimulus checks in April….Those with ITINs instead of Social Security Numbers.  The Bill left out this group entirely.  


Blog #2 by Montgomery Dillavou CPA The Coronavirus Aid, Relief, and Economic Security Act or the CARES Act.

Posted by Admin Posted on Mar 29 2020


Free Money for Businesses Who Have Employees !!

In modern history we’ve never seen such aggressive action by the Federal Government to keep workers connected to their jobs and continue receiving their pay and other benefits like health insurance.  

How much can businesses borrow ?  Here is the calculation.  Take your total payroll costs for the 12 months prior to your loan application,  including employer taxes, group health care insurance premiums paid by the business and any benefits paid for sick, family or medical leave.  Divide it by 12 to get a monthly average, then multiply that by 2.5. This is your maximum loan amount you can apply for.   

Here's how the loan forgiveness works:  Your company's expenses for the eight-week period after the origination of the loan will be analyzed..  Every dollar your company spent on payroll, utilities, rent, or interest on mortgage debt will be added together. That amount will be forgiven, up to the total amount your company borrowed through the program.  Employees who earn more than $100,000 are exempt. In other words their pay is NOT part of the loan forgiveness. Note, this is for rent or Mortgage obligations entered into prior to Feb 2020. So don’t go buy or rent a new building now if you want these expenses forgiven.  

There is one caveat, however. The amount that is forgiven will be reduced for businesses who lay off employees during the first eight weeks following the loan. Companies who reduce wages of employees by 25 percent or more will also have the forgivable amount reduced.

The good news is that businesses that have already let employees go before accepting the loan will not be subject to such penalties. And if those businesses rehire employees after accepting the loan, they'll receive additional credit to cover their wages.

How to Apply:  Start here and contact your banker at the same time.  The loan app is completed and funded by your existing banking relationship.  


Blog 1 by Montgomery Dillavou CPA - The Coronavirus Aid, Relief, and Economic Security Act or the CARES Act

Posted by Admin Posted on Mar 28 2020

The CARES Act was signed by President Trump and put into law about 24 hours ago.  As I read through this 880 page document, here are some of my initial interpretations.  I will Blog more in the coming days about this as I field more questions and comments from clients, friends and colleagues. - Montgomery Dillavou CPA

Direct payments: Americans will receive a one-time direct deposit of up to $1,200, and married couples will get $2,400, plus an additional $500 per qualifying child. The payments will be available for incomes up to $75,000 for individuals, $112,500 for heads of household and $150,000 for married couples. This is true even for those who have no income, rely on Social Security benefits, or whose income comes entirely from non-taxable, means-tested benefit programs.  

Phaseouts apply: for every $100 of income above those thresholds, your check will drop by $5. So, if you are a single filer earning $75,100, your check will be $1,155 ($1,200-$5). If you are a single filer earning $85,000, your check will be $700 ($1,200-$500). If you do the quick math on that, it means that you'll phaseout completely (meaning that you'll get nothing) once you hit $99,000 as a single filer, $198,000 as a married couple filing jointly, or $146,500 for heads of household.

What is a qualifying child ?  Relationship - Your son, daughter, adopted child, stepchild, foster child or a descendent of any of them, such as your grandchild.  Brother, sister, half brother, half sister, step brother, step sister or a descendant of any of them, such as a niece or a nephew. Age At the end of the filing year, your child was younger than you (or your spouse if filing a joint return) and younger than 19.

At the end of the filing year, your child was younger than you (or your spouse if filing a joint return), younger than 24, and a full-time student. At the end of the filing year, your child was any age and permanently and totally disabled3

Residency  The child must have the same main home as you (or your spouse if filing a joint return) in the United States4 for more than half of the tax year

Technically, the checks are advances of refundable credits. Treasury will advance your check based on your most recently filed tax return (2018 or 2019 tax return). If you haven’t filed a tax return, the bill allows the Treasury to use the information on your 2019 Form SSA-1099, Social Security Benefit Statement, Form RRB-1099, Social Security Equivalent Benefit Statement.

Will I still get the check if I owe the IRS some money? Yes. If your refund would normally be seized to pay a tax debt, that shouldn’t happen here. Shouldn’t. Assuming it works as planned.

How will the amount be distributed ?  Electronically if you had your most recent federal tax refund or balance due deposited or withdrawn from your bank account.  If your refund was mailed to you or you mailed in your balance due then the check will be mailed to you. This is expected to take an extra 3 - 5 weeks.  

Use of retirement funds: The bill waives the 10% early withdrawal penalty for distributions up to $100,000 for coronavirus-related purposes, retroactive to Jan. 1. Older Americans who are subject to mandatory minimum distributions from their retirement accounts would be able to keep their capital invested instead of being forced to cash out to draw on that capital without penalty, which is suspended for 2020

Small businesses: Companies with 500 employees or fewer that maintain their payroll during coronavirus can receive up to 8 weeks of cash-flow assistance. If employers maintain payroll, the portion of the loans used for covered payroll costs, interest on mortgage obligations, rent, and utilities would be forgiven.

The unemployed: The program's $250 billion extended unemployment insurance program — "unemployment on steroids,"  expands eligibility and offers workers an additional $600 per week for four months, on top of what state programs pay. It also extends UI benefits through Dec. 31 for eligible workers. The deal applies to the self-employed, independent contractors and gig economy workers.  Employer state unemployment rates will not be adjusted upward for employee claims for the remainder of 2020.

Coronavirus testing: All testing and potential vaccines for COVID-19 will be covered at no cost to patients.

Restores Support for Businesses Suffering Losses: The bill also allows businesses to carry back losses from 2018, 2019, and 2020 to the previous 5 years, which will allow businesses access to immediate tax refunds.

Delays Payroll Tax Payments for Employers: Employers would be able to delay the payment of their 2020 payroll taxes until 2021 and 2022.


Covid-19 -

Posted by Admin Posted on Mar 22 2020
To comply with CDC recommendations, all client appointments will now be conducted online via my Virtual Online Meeting room powered by GoToMeeting. I will not be seeing clients in my office for the next few weeks.  
My Firm is blessed with many clients. This time of year numerous clients pass through my office, as many as 20 per day Many of these clients are the ‘at risk’ older population. For this and many reasons, I cannot put my clients, myself or my family at risk.  
Traditional Accounting Principles / Innovative Accounting Practices
Fortunately, my Firm has been operating for years in an ‘Online’ environment. Via Link (secure online document sharing) and my Virtual Online Meeting room via GoToMeeting. In 2017 the IRS and all state tax agencies began accepting digital signatures. Many of my clients have taken advantage of my online services for years, uploading their documents, reviewing and signing their returns via their Link account and meeting with me online via my Virtual Online Meeting room. Now, implementing these best practices for all my clients due to the Covid 19 outbreak for my Firm is very easy.  Honestly, many clients love getting their taxes done by me without having to come into the office.
To Learn more about Meeting online, visit my Virtual Meeting Room at :
Simply requires a computer with speakers, webcam and mic. All laptops and tablets come standard with these components.  
To Schedule Teleconferences or Online Meetings with me:
All my clients, individuals and businesses get a free Link account, to Learn what Link is and to log in to your Link account, go to any page in my website and click on the Client Login - Individual button in the upper left. If you’re having difficulty getting into your Link account, text me at 505-886-1040. My staff will be sure to get you into your Link account.  
Remember, I file extensions for all clients, business and individuals whether I hear from you or not. If you are a client, and I haven’t completed and filed your tax return by the due date, I file an extension for you. As your CPA I can do this on your behalf without your signature. So, if you choose to just wait this out and do your taxes in the summer or fall, rest assured I will file an extension for you and then you may contact me when you are ready. This will be the case for many of my older clients who don’t have the systems to participate in online meetings or utilize their Link account. I’ll file an extension for you and see you this summer or in the fall.  
If there is an anticipated balance due with your tax return (Federal and/or State) we’ll need to send in an estimated tax payment. An extension does not extend the tax due, it only extends the due date of your tax return. We can also do this online.  
With the Federal Reserve cutting interest rates to zero, I also expect the IRS and States to make some concession on interest rates and penalties for tax balances due. Frankly, I’ve been disappointed in our government for not already extending the due date along with interest and penalty concessions. I am presently lobbying for this.  
Remember, the best way to reach me is to text me. 505-886-1040. The worst way to reach me is to call me and leave me a message. If you need to talk with me, schedule a teleconference or online meeting with me via my online calendar at :
Lets all be safe out there. Thanks for your continued business !!
Montgomery Dillavou, CPA